The Pupil Premium and Early Years Pupil Premium is additional funding for state funded schools and childcare providers in England to raise the attainment of disadvantaged children and close the gap between them and their peers.

Pupil Premium

Which children are entitled to Pupil Premium?

Children who have been registered as eligible for free school meals at any point in the previous 6 years.

Children who have:

  • been looked after for 1 day or more
  • been adopted from care
  • left care under a special guardianship order, a residence order or a child arrangements order

How much additional funding does a school receive per pupil?

In the 2015 to 2016 financial year, schools will receive the following funding for each child registered as eligible for Pupil Premium:

  • £1,320 for pupils in reception year to year 6
  • £935 for pupils in year 7 to year 11

Schools will also receive £1,900 for each pupil who has left local-authority care because of adoption, a special guardianship order, a residence order or a child arrangements order

If a pupil has been registered as eligible for free school meals and has also left local-authority care for any of the reasons above, they will attract the £1,900 rate.

Children who have been in local-authority care for 1 day or more also attract £1,900 of pupil premium funding. Funding for these pupils doesn’t go to their school; it goes to the virtual school head (VSH) in the local authority that looks after the child. VSHs are responsible for managing pupil premium funding for looked-after children.

What difference does Pupil Premium make?

Children from disadvantaged backgrounds are far less likely to get good GCSE results. Attainment statistics published in January 2014 show that in 2013 37.9% of pupils who qualified for free school meals got 5 GCSEs, including English and mathematics at A* to C, compared with 64.6% of pupils who do not qualify.

  • Schools must publish details of how they spend their pupil premium and the effect this has had on the attainment of the pupils who attract the funding. See your child's school website for more details.
  • Ofsted’s school inspections report on the attainment and progress of disadvantaged pupils who attract the pupil premium.
  • School and college performance tables also report on the performance of disadvantaged pupils compared with their peers.

Early Years Pupil Premium (EYPP)

The Early Years Pupil Premium provides an extra 53 pence per hour for three and four year old children whose parents are in receipt of certain benefits or who were formerly in local authority care but who left care because they were adopted or were subject to a special guardianship or child arrangements order.  This means an extra £302 a year for each child taking up the full 570 hours funded entitlement to early education.  This additional money could make a significant difference.

Childcare providers can use the extra funding in any way they choose to improve the quality of the early years education that they provide for your child. This could include, for example, additional training for  staff on early language, investing in partnership working with colleagues in the area to further their expertise or supporting staff in working on specialised areas such as speech and language.

Which children are entitled to EYPP?

Children will be eligible if they are 3 or 4 years old and receiving government-funded early education in any provider, and their parents are in receipt of one or more of the following benefits, which are the benefits used to access eligibility for free school meals:

  • Income Support
  • income-based Jobseekers Allowance
  • income-related Employment and Support Allowance
  • support under part 6 of the Immigration and Asylum Act 1999
  • the guaranteed element of State Pension Credit
  • Child Tax Credit (provided they’re not also entitled to Working Tax Credit and have an annual gross income of no more than £16,190)
  • Working Tax Credit run-on - paid for 4 weeks after they stop qualifying for Working Tax Credit
  • Universal Credit

Or if they have been:

  • looked after by the local authority for at least 1 day
  • have been adopted from care
  • have left care through special guardianship
  • subject to a child arrangement order setting out with whom the child is to live (formerly known as residence orders)

What difference will Early Years Pupil Premium make?

National data and research tells us that children eligible for free school meals tend to do less well, for example in 2014, 45% of children eligible for free school meals achieved the expected level at the end of the early years foundation stage compared with 64% of other children

The early years pupil premium gives money to providers so they can make sure eligible children have the best possible outcomes when they start school and beyond.The extension of the pupil premium to early years will give toddlers from the poorest families the support they need to develop and learn at this important early stage.

Evidence shows that children from less advantaged backgrounds can start school 19 months behind their peers, but that good quality childcare can reduce this gap and have a significant benefit in terms of a child’s development.

Ofsted’s childcare provider inspections will report on the attainment and progress of disadvantaged children who attract the early years pupil premium.  It is also recommended as good practice that the individual setting publishes on their website how it has spent the additional money.

How do I apply for EYPP for my child?

Your child's childcare provider will ask you to complete a form when you register with the setting.  Completing this form allows us to check whether your child is eligible for the EYPP which could provide up to an extra £300 for your child’s nursery, pre-school or child minder to fund valuable support like extra training or, resources to help raise the quality of your child’s early education. 

We are committed to ensuring that the personal and sensitive information that we hold about you is protected and kept safe and secure, and we have measures in place to prevent the loss, misuse or alteration of your personal information. We will use the information you provide to check whether your chlld is eligible for the early years pupil premium. We will also use the information with your consent to check if your child is entitled to free school meals, as the eligibility criteria are very similar.


Page last updated: 
24 February 2016
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