Pollution Prevention and Control

Pollution Prevention and Control (PPC) is a regulatory regime for controlling pollution from certain industrial activities.  From 6 April 2008 it has been incorporated into the framework of the Environmental Permitting Regulations (EPR).


The industrial activities covered by the PPC element of the Environmental Permitting Regulations are very wide ranging and cover installations in the following industrial sectors:

Energy industries

  • Combustion Activities
  • Gasification, Liquefaction and Refining Activities

Production and Processing of Metals

  • Ferrous Metals
  • Non-Ferrous Metals
  • Surface Treating Metals and Plastic Materials

Mineral Industries

  • Production of Cement and Lime
  • Activities Involving Asbestos
  • Manufacturing Glass and Glass Fibre
  • Production of Other Mineral Fibres
  • Ceramic Production

The Chemical Industry

  • Organic Chemicals
  • Inorganic Chemicals
  • Chemical Fertiliser Production
  • Plant Health Products and Biocides
  • Pharmaceutical Production
  • Explosives Production
  • Manufacturing Activities Involving Carbon Disulphide or Ammonia
  • Storage of Chemicals in Bulk

Waste Management

  • Disposal of Waste by Incineration
  • Disposal of Waste by Landfill
  • Disposal of Waste other than by Incineration or Landfill
  • Recovery of Waste
  • Production of Fuel from Waste

Other Activities

  • Paper, Pulp and Board Manufacturing Activities
  • Carbon Activities
  • Tar and Bitumen Activities
  • Coating Activities, Printing and Textile Treatments
  • The manufacture of Dyestuffs, Printing Ink and Coating Materials
  • Timber Activities
  • Activities involving Rubber
  • The treatment of Animal and Vegetable Matter and Food Industries
  • Intensive Farming

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SED (Solvent Emission Directive) Activities

The Regulators

The industrial activities caught by the PPC element of the Environmental Permitting Regulations are split into three categories and are regulated by two different regulators:

Part A(1) The Environment Agency

The Environment Agency regulates what is considered to be the most polluting of the three industrial categories, A(1) activities' known as the IPPC.  These are regulated for multi media emissions such as air, land, water and other environmental considerations.

For further information see http://www.environment-agency.gov.uk/

Part A(2) and Part B - Local Authorities

Local authorities regulate the comparatively less polluting Part A(2) activities (multi- media regulation such as air, land, water and other environmental considerations), known as LA-IPPC and the lesser polluting Part B activities (these are regulated for emissions to air only), known as LAPPC.


Operators of installations like those mentioned above must obtain a permit to operate. Permit applications must include a written description of the way in which pollution is to be minimised. Where a local authority decides to grant an installation permit, that permit must include conditions stipulating how pollution is to be minimised. Government guidance has been published as to the appropriate pollution standards for various types of installation. The law requires the standards to achieve a balance between protecting the environment and the cost of so doing. The local authority is required to have regard to that guidance.

Operators can appeal where a permit application is refused or where it is granted but the operator disagrees with the conditions.

Once a permit is issued the operator must comply with the conditions.

Local authorities categorise installations according to the risk they represent (high, medium or low risk) based on the potential environmental impact in the event of an incident, and the effectiveness and reliability of the operator.

Where a business fails to comply with the Regulations, local authorities have the power to serve various types of notice and the power to prosecute. Where possible, however, authorities try to work with the operator to resolve problems.

Further information can be found on the DEFRA website at: http://www.defra.gov.uk/industrial-emissions/

Application Forms

In the majority of cases, operators should apply for an LA-IPPC permit when they have drawn up full designs, but not before starting construction work.

All permits should be in place for LA-IPPC and LAPPC before operations commence.

Application for a part A(2) Permit (doc 95kb)

Application for a part B Permit (doc 89kb)

Apply for a dry cleaners permit

Apply for a small waste oil burner permit

Apply for a service station permit

Apply for a road vehicle respraying permit

Please contact Environmental Services on 0191 2116102 or by Email: psr@newcastle.gov.uk to discuss your process before completing any application forms.

Will Tacit Consent Apply?

No.  It is in the public interest that the authority must process your application before it can be granted.  If you have not heard from the local authority within a reasonable period, please contact it using the contact details below.

Fees and Charges and Risk Based Inspection Method

The risk based fee and charges scheme is designed so that industry pays reasonable costs to the local authorities who regulate them under the 'polluter pays' principle.

Ultimately the greater the risk, the higher the risk banding the installation will fall into, and the greater the fees payable.

Public Registers

Local authorities are required by Environmental Permitting regulation 46 to maintain a public register containing information on all LA-IPPC and LAPPC installations and mobile plant they are responsible for.

The public register can be viewed with a prior arrangement at the Civic Centre in Newcastle between the hours of 9am to 4.30pm Monday to Friday. 

Phone: 0191 2116102
Fax: 0191 2777166
Email: psr@newcastle.gov.uk

Introduction to NetRegs

NetRegs is the primary trusted source of guidance on environmental legislation for businesses in the UK.  It provides free, clear guidance for different business types on how to comply with environmental legislation.

You can:

  • receive regular updates on environmental legislation by signing up for free email alerts
  • use the online questionnaire to assess your environmental compliance
  • find your nearest authorised waste contractor or recycling facility by using the online waste directory

NetRegs is a partnership between the Environment Agency in England and Wales, the Scottish Environment Protection Agency and the Environment and Heritage Service in Northern Ireland.

Using NetRegs will help you protect your business reputation, save money and avoid prosecution.



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Page last updated: 
23 August 2018
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