Pollution Prevention and Control
Pollution Prevention and Control (PPC) is a regulatory regime for controlling pollution from certain industrial activities. From 6 April 2008 it has been incorporated into the framework of the Environmental Permitting Regulations (EPR).
The industrial activities covered by the PPC element of the Environmental Permitting Regulations are very wide ranging and cover installations in the following industrial sectors:
Gasification, Liquefaction and Refining Activities
Production and Processing of Metals
Surface Treating Metals and Plastic Materials
Production of Cement and Lime
Activities Involving Asbestos
Manufacturing Glass and Glass Fibre
Production of Other Mineral Fibres
The Chemical Industry
Chemical Fertiliser Production
Plant Health Products and Biocides
Manufacturing Activities Involving Carbon Disulphide or Ammonia
Storage of Chemicals in Bulk
Disposal of Waste by Incineration
Disposal of Waste by Landfill
Disposal of Waste other than by Incineration or Landfill
Recovery of Waste
Production of Fuel from Waste
Paper, Pulp and Board Manufacturing Activities
Tar and Bitumen Activities
Coating Activities, Printing and Textile Treatments
The manufacture of Dyestuffs, Printing Ink and Coating Materials
Activities involving Rubber
The treatment of Animal and Vegetable Matter and Food Industries
SED (Solvent Emission Directive) Activities
The industrial activities caught by the PPC element of the Environmental Permitting Regulations are split into three categories and are regulated by two different regulators:
Part A(1) The Environment Agency
The Environment Agency regulates what is considered to be the most polluting of the three industrial categories, A(1) activities' known as the IPPC. These are regulated for multi media emissions such as air, land, water and other environmental considerations.
For further information see http://www.environment-agency.gov.uk/
Part A(2) and Part B - Local Authorities
Local authorities regulate the comparatively less polluting Part A(2) activities (multi- media regulation such as air, land, water and other environmental considerations), known as LA-IPPC and the lesser polluting Part B activities (these are regulated for emissions to air only), known as LAPPC.
Operators of installations like those mentioned above must obtain a permit to operate. Permit applications must include a written description of the way in which pollution is to be minimised. Where a local authority decides to grant an installation permit, that permit must include conditions stipulating how pollution is to be minimised. Government guidance has been published as to the appropriate pollution standards for various types of installation. The law requires the standards to achieve a balance between protecting the environment and the cost of so doing. The local authority is required to have regard to that guidance.
Operators can appeal where a permit application is refused or where it is granted but the operator disagrees with the conditions.
Once a permit is issued the operator must comply with the conditions.
Local authorities categorise installations according to the risk they represent (high, medium or low risk) based on the potential environmental impact in the event of an incident, and the effectiveness and reliability of the operator.
Where a business fails to comply with the Regulations, local authorities have the power to serve various types of notice and the power to prosecute. Where possible, however, authorities try to work with the operator to resolve problems.
Further information can be found on the DEFRA website at: http://www.defra.gov.uk/industrial-emissions/
In the majority of cases, operators should apply for an LA-IPPC permit when they have drawn up full designs, but not before starting construction work.
All permits should be in place for LA-IPPC and LAPPC before operations commence.
Application for a part A(2) Permit (doc 95kb)
Application for a part B Permit (doc 89kb)
Please contact the Environment and Safety Team on 0191 2116147 or by Email: firstname.lastname@example.org to discuss your process before completing any application forms.
Will Tacit Consent Apply?
No. It is in the public interest that the authority must process your application before it can be granted. If you have not heard from the local authority within a reasonable period, please contact it using the contact details below.
Fees and Charges and Risk Based Inspection Method
The risk based fee and charges scheme is designed so that industry pays reasonable costs to the local authorities who regulate them under the 'polluter pays' principle.
Ultimately the greater the risk, the higher the risk banding the installation will fall into, and the greater the fees payable.
Local authorities are required by Environmental Permitting regulation 46 to maintain a public register containing information on all LA-IPPC and LAPPC installations and mobile plant they are responsible for.
The public register can be viewed at room 703
Public Safety and Regulation
Newcastle City Council
Newcastle upon Tyne
Phone: 0191 2116102
Fax: 0191 2777166
between the hours of 9am and 4.30pm Monday to Friday.
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