The Consumer Credit legislation is designed to support people's access to credit, ensure fair treatment for consumers from lenders, and provide safeguards to help prevent people from getting into unsustainable levels of debt. The Consumer Credit Act 1974 established a fairer, clearer and more competitive market for consumer credit.
Consumer Credit Regulation is now the responsibility of the Financial Conduct Authority
The Financial Conduct Authority's (FCA) aim is to provide stronger protection and better outcomes for consumers. FCA regulation now applies to any firm or individual offering credit cards and personal loans, selling goods or services on credit, offering goods for hire, or providing debt counselling or debt adjusting services to consumers.
The legislative changes see the FCA take on responsibility for more than 50,000 firms who have existing credit licences. The FCA wants to ensure that consumers are given enough information to make informed choices, that the market is competitive and offers loans that meet customer needs, and that those in difficulty are treated fairly. The key elements of the proposed consumer credit regime are:
- Affordability checks for every credit agreement to ensure that only consumers that can afford a loan can get a loan.
- All advertisements and other promotions must be clear, fair and not misleading. The FCA will be able to ban misleading adverts.
- Firms that do higher risk business and pose a greater risk to consumers will face a tougher supervisory approach. Specific rules for the payday sector have been proposed and include:
- Limiting loan rollovers to two;
- Limiting the number of attempts by a payday lender to use CPAs to pay off a loan, to two;
- Information on where to get free debt advice will be given to every borrower that rolls over a loan; and
- Clear risk warnings to be displayed on all adverts and promotions along with more information about debt advice.
- Consumers will continue to have access to the Financial Ombudsman Service, but there are currently no plans to include consumer credit in the scope of the Financial Services Compensation Scheme. The FCA will keep this under review.
- A robust authorisation gateway to ensure that any firm or individual authorised to do consumer credit business is fit and proper, and that firms have suitable and sustainable business models.
- Dedicated supervision and enforcement teams will crack down on poor practice, money laundering and unauthorised business. Firms that break the rules may face detailed investigations and tough fines.
Peer to peer lending platforms must give borrowers explanations of the key features of the loan - including the key risks - before an agreement is made, and assess the creditworthiness of borrowers before granting them credit. A 14 day cooling off period will allow the borrower to withdraw if they have a change of heart.
Want to know more? There is more information about the changes and how they will affect businesses on the FCA website, where businesses can also sign up for email updates.
Consumer Credit Act 2006
The Consumer Credit Act 2006 updates and amends the Consumer Credit Act 1974, establishing a fairer, more transparent and competitive credit market. It does this by:
- Strengthening consumer rights by enabling consumers to challenge unfair lending agreements and making it possible for disputes to be resolved more easily;
- Improving consumer credit regulation by strengthening and improving the licensing system for consumer credit businesses, requiring consumers to be provided with minimum standards of information, and through targeted action to tackle unfair practices; and
- Increasing the effectiveness of regulation by extending protection to all types of consumer credit and creating a more suitable regime for business.
Please note: This information has no legal force and is not an authoritative interpretation of the law, which is a matter for the Courts. It is intended to help businesses to understand in general terms, the main features of the legislation. The information is not a substitute for the legislation and you should refer to the text of the legislation for a full statement of legal requirements and obligations. Where appropriate, you should seek your own independent legal advice.
For further detailed information go to the Financial Conduct Authority's website.